Key Features of Each Macro-skill

We've outlined below the key features of each macro-skill.

It is important to note that different features have different emphasis at different levels on the scale. 

For the full list of key feature of each macro-skill, please fill in the form below and download the complete list.

Speaking

  • Fluency
  • General ability to communicate
  • Hesitations or hesitancy
  • Coherence and cohesion

Listening

  • Comprehension face-to-face
  • Amount of repetition required
  • Discourse and discourse making
  • Memory

Reading

  • Reading speed
  • Comprehension of gist and detail
  • Memory
  • Coping with discourse and discourse markers
  • Ability to convey meaning without just reading back the words of the text

Writing

  • Task completion
  • General ability to communicate
  • Vocabulary range and accuracy
  • Register
  • Discourse and discourse markers
  • Argumentation

The ultimate basis on which assessment is made is the whole scale and its descriptors.